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Glossary

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B

B.A.

abbreviation of: Bachelor of Arts

Academic degree

B.Sc.

abbreviation of: Bachelor of Science

Bachelor-degree, mostly in sciences, mathematics, or computer science.

BCCN

abbreviation of: Bernstein Center für Computational Neuroscience, Berlin

BMBF

abbreviation of: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung

Federal Ministry for Education and Research

C

Charité 3R

definition: Charité 3R

Charité 3R – Replace | Reduce | Refine – promotes the development of innovative methods in biomedical research with the objective of replacing animal experiments, reducing their number or refining experiments in order to relieve the burden placed on laboratory animals. With the over-arching goal of improving biomedical translation into applicable therapies for the human patient in mind, Charité 3R is an interdisciplinary effort to improve both medicine and animal welfare. Charité 3R will stimulate research in all 3Rs and consequently foster the development of novel alternative methods.

Charite 3R Website

CILS

abbreviation of: Center for Integrative Life Sciences, Berlin

CT

abbreviation of: computer tomography

CT

abbreviation of: Computertomographie

Medical imaging method employing X-ray images generating a three-dimensional image.  

D

DFG

abbreviation of: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

German Research Foundation

Dipl.-Psych.

abbreviation of: Diplom-Psychologist

Academic degree in Psychology

Dr.

abbreviation of: Doctor

Dr. med.

abbreviation of: Doctor medicinae

Doctor of medicin

Dr. phil.

abbreviation of: Doctor philosophiae

Doctor of philosophy

Dr. rer. hum. biol.

abbreviation of: Doctor rerum biologiae humanae

Doctor of human biology

Dr. rer. nat.

abbreviation of: Doctor rerum naturalium

Doctor of science, sometimes mathematics, informatics and psychology.

E

EEG

abbreviation of: Elektroenzephalography

F

fMRI

abbreviation of: Functional magnetic resonance imaging

Medical imaging technique to visualize detailed internal structures

I

in-silico

definition: computerized

performed on computer or via computer simulation

M

M.A.

abbreviation of: Magister Artium

Academic degree

M.D.

abbreviation of: Medicinae Doctor

Doctoral degree for physicians (medical doctors)

M.Sc.

abbreviation of: Master of Science

Master degree, usually in mathematic, computer science and science.

MEG

abbreviation of: Magnetoencephalography

Technique for mapping brain activity by recording magnetic fields

MRI

abbreviation of: Magnetic resonance imaging

Medical imaging technique

P

PD

abbreviation of: Privatdozent

Private lecturer

Ph.D.

abbreviation of: philosophiae doctor

Doctor of Philosophy

PhD

abbreviation of: philosophiae doctor

Doctor of philosophy

Postdoc

abbreviation of: Post-Doktoral researcher

Prof.

abbreviation of: Professor

PTSD

abbreviation of: Post-traumatic stress disorder